New Methodological Materials Dealing with the Landscape Spatial Study for the Administrative District of the Municipality with Extended Powers, by Karel Wirth
The Ministry of Regional Development has published two new methodological documents on the landscape spatial study - an update of the methodological guideline "Assignment of a landscape spatial study for the administrative district of a municipality with extended powers" and the Manual on the process of assignment, processing and implementation of a landscape spatial study for the administrative district of a municipality with extended powers. The article first briefly introduces the landscape spatial study and then discusses the contents of both documents and their use in the development of the landscape spatial study.
Determination and Protection of the Significant Landscape Element: Floodplain, by Michael Hošek (ed.), Tomáš Bartaloš, Radek Kadlubiec, Michal Kešner, Přemysl Pavka, Klára Pavková, Pavel Trojáček
Since the Act on Nature and Landscape Protection (No. 114/1992 Coll. - ZOPK) which introduced the institute of significant landscape elements (SLE) protection, including the SLE floodplain, entered into force, there have not been sufficient tools developed for its practical implementation. Floodplains, however, represent a landscape element that is difficult to identify in the territory and at the same time is threatened by the development and use of the territory. The aim of the project "Practical tools for planning and protection of the SLE floodplain”, which was implemented in 2020-2023 with the financial participation of the Czech Technology Agency within the "Environment for Life Programme”, was to fill in the gap in the current insufficient planning practice, protection and use of the SLE floodplain. A floodplain determination procedure to be applied by the nature protection authorities (NPAs) was developed and validated. The procedure was complemented by a proposal for categorizing floodplains and identifying their functions, which is crucial for NPA decision-making processes. As a result, NPAs and other governmental authorities were provided by spatial data and methodologies to facilitate the decision-making process in the territory and also to implement the floodplain areas protection in spatial planning. The main outputs of the project are available on the website https://projekty.ekotoxa.cz/nivy/.
New Legislation and the Process of its Development from the Perspective of the Authors, by Slavomíra Salajová
Properly set processes in the field of giving a construction permit based on properly set processes of spatial planning form an essential part of a healthy developing society. This attribute accompanied the preparation of the reform in the field of spatial planning and construction, which, after years of unsuccessful attempts, managed to be approved in the Slovak parliament and is expected to come into force in April 2024. The aim was both to improve the country's competitiveness and attract investment and to address the new challenges of society. What was the legislative process for this reform development like and what was its primary motivation? Is it important to seek compromises between political priorities and visions and pragmatic solutions? How to reconcile, for the sake of an efficient setting, interests as highly fragmented as those of the construction process?
Perspectives of the Authority of New Legislation Implementation, by Roman Skorka
The current Building Act, the so-called "Act Fifty" is going to be replaced by new regulations which are scheduled to come into force in April 2024 after more than 40 years in force and several modifications. As a result of the approved new regulations, major changes can be expected, which bring mainly a change in the competencies in construction, harmonization of spatial planning processes and the introduction of uniform standards for the content of planning documents, optimization and integration of the building permit processes, reduction in the overall length, methodological and interpretative centralization, computerization of the procedures and gradual digitalization. The carrier of the reform is currently the newly established Authority for Spatial Planning and Construction of the Slovak Republic, which already now, in addition to preparing the reform implementation, performs the tasks of the central state administration body for proceedings conducted under the currently effective "out-of-date" Building Act. What stage is the implementation in, what still needs to be carried out and what is the actual state of the information system, which is supposed to form the backbone of the reform?
Act No. 200/2022 Coll. The Spatial Planning Act, by Jelena Hudcovská
New legislation in the field of spatial planning and construction has finally come into the world. After many attempts and years of waiting, the Spatial Planning Act (hereinafter referred to as the SPA) and the Construction Act (hereinafter referred to as the CA) will come into force on 1 April 2024. We were approached by the editors of the journal to comment on the Spatial Planning Act, however, without verifying the Act in use, we need much courage to do so. Nevertheless, we would like to underline the benefits of this legislative act and point out possible challenges arising from the comparison of the provisions of the SPA with the Building Act No. 50/1976 Coll. (hereinafter referred to as the BA) and from the point of view of the state administration’ employee as well as an elected representative of the local administration and a developer of spatial planning documents and documentation.
The New Spatial Planning Act in the Context of a Strategic Approach to Planning, by Martin Baloga
Strategic planning is the process of determining the direction and goals of development for an organisation or territory. It aims to provide a clear plan for achieving the set objectives and to provide continuous improvement of the results. Spatial planning and strategic planning are closely linked and complement each other. Strategic planning is essential for the comprehensive development of the territory and contributes to its sustainable development. The newly adopted law includes the need for a clear definition of terms and simplification of processes while maintaining the principles of participatory planning. The ambition of the new legislation is to simplify processes, speed up construction implementation and bring it closer to European standards. However, in order to achieve this objective, further changes and adjustments to the legislation will still be necessary to ensure that this does not happen at the expense of the development strategy, the participation of the public in the process or the protection of the environment.
Fact about the New Slovak Construction Act, by Josef Staša
In 2022, a new regulation of the public Construction Act was adopted in the Slovak Republic. In contrast to the current state of affairs, it consists of two Acts - the Spatial Planning Act and the Construction Act, which concerns building regulations. Both Acts are to come into force on 1 April 2024. This article focuses on the selected contents of both laws. It briefly deals with public administration in the fields of spatial planning and building regulations, the information system for spatial planning and construction, spatial planning documentation, binding statement of the spatial planning authority, the procedure of issuing building permits, state building supervision and the dealing with the so-called black (= illegally built) structures. At present, only first impressions resulting from the new legislation can be given. In the future, it will be interesting and useful, for both the theory and practice, to compare it with the new Czech Act adopted in 2021, which has already been extensively amended this year, practically before it came into force.
Vision and Reality of the Czech Transport Infrastructure Development. Part 2: Rail Transport and Waterways, by Milan Körner
The changes that took place in Central Europe 30 years ago meant a new bond orientation. The Czech Republic became a member of the European Union and the Schengen Agreement meant the creation of a common area and thus the need for new connections. In contrast to road transport, where a number of connections (mainly at a regional level) have been renewed, there are significantly fewer connections in the railway infrastructure. The subject of this article is the rail infrastructure development programmes (transit corridors, fast connections) and the situation of inland waterways. In both areas, visions are far from reality. Given that the development of HSR has been underway in Europe for more than 30 years and it represents a transnational system, especially in Central Europe, the article also covers this context.
24. celostátní konferenci o územním plánování a stavebním řádu se bude konat ve dnech 2.–3. listopadu 2023 ve Zlíně, nikoliv v Hradci Králové, jak je chybně uvedeno v tištěné verzi. Za chybu se omlouváme.