Use of European data on landscape cover for assessment of the existing state and development of Czech Republic’s urbanized territories, by Kateřina Horáková, Jan Mertl, Jana Bašistová and Edita Koblížková
This article analyses and evaluates the applicability of European data and landscape cover for monitoring the existing state and dynamics of development in Czechia’s urbanized territories. The ability to define particular categories of urbanized areas and observe their development over time is evaluated for each layer of the Copernicus monitoring service (CORINE Land Cover, Urban Atlas, High Resolution Layer). Statistical data and analyses are first processed on a nationwide scale and then elaborated for selected test territories in the urban background. One of these territories is in the eastern part of the agglomeration of Prague: the municipality of Mukařov is a typical example of residential suburbanization and development. Another test territory is located near Modletice, south-east of Prague, close to the D1 motorway. Because of its position, this territory is characterized by dynamic development of commercial areas, storage facilities, transportation infrastructure and, partly, residential areas. Such a selection of test territories covers two basic categories of suburban development. The results of the analysis indicate great potential for the usability of products evaluated. However, due to the spatial differentiation of some layers and/or the insufficient coverage of Czech territory, detailed evaluation of spatial development is difficult and lacking in national monitoring, so producing an insufficient database of landscape cover in urbanized territories. Ideally, there should be a layer based on European database methodologies, making landscape cover developments evaluable in a higher resolution and, as a consequence, serving for strategic urban planning in all aspects of quality of urban settings. Enhancement of the requirements for layers at national and local level should be an important primary step towards this objective.
Construction works on territories with archaeological finds in the Czech Republic, by Róbert Antal
The protection of archaeological heritage is a matter of public interest. It is frequently connected to construction works, which can endanger or damage archaeological relics. Protection, or salvage, of these is achieved through archaeological exploration. In every case, it is necessary for organizations authorized to carry out archaeological exploration to have relevant information on construction works in progress. This fl ow of information should be guaranteed by the builder’s obligatory submission of the construction plan to the Archaeological Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, where such notifications are processed and, if needed, forwarded to authorized organizations. The main objective of this article is to describe the theoretical aspects and formal requirements of these obligatory notifications. Besides the rules given by legislation, attention is paid to activities of the National Heritage Institute and the Archaeological Institute. Another aim of this article is examination of how this obligation is fulfilled in practice and which mistakes are frequently made. Based on drawbacks identified, several suggestions for change in legal regulations are presented in conclusion.
Digitization of agendas in public administration and the quality of spatial data, by Václav Čada
The digitization strategy in the Czech Republic is described by Digital Czechia, a document approved by Resolution 629 of the Government in October 2018. Digital Czechia is a set of concepts for continuous prosperity of the Czech Republic in a setting of ongoing digital revolution. It includes Strategy for Coordinated Comprehensive Digitization of the Czech Republic 2018+, another important document. Based on Act 365/2000 on information systems in public administration, this strategy is aimed at digitization in exercising public authority at national level. It stipulates the main goals of the building of information systems in public administration and the general principles of creation, administration and operation of information systems designated as eGovernment of the Czech Republic.
Digital technical maps, by Michal Souček
As part of the digitization of building permit procedures, projects for technical maps of regions are followed and consolidated by the Digital Map of Public Administration project. Projects for digitization within these procedures are carried out by the Ministry for Regional Development, while the Digital Map is a responsibility of the Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastres, and digital technical maps are elaborated by regional authorities. The coverage of the Czech Republic by abundant and, above all, unified digital technical mapping is an important condition for acceleration of building permit procedures. This article deals with the current state of things in the implementation of new projects of digital technical mapping, covering approximately the period of 2020-2023.
Digitization opens up opportunities for interconnection of information, by Jaroslav Nechyba
One of the basic benefits of digitization is the possibility of interconnecting and sharing information. All data are to hand, and a lot of routine tasks are done by machines, removing the need for a complicated quest. The methodology called Building Information Modelling opens a way to structured and potentially legible information on buildings on a territory. In addition, this information can be interconnected with data about the territory and adjacent buildings. It will soon be possible to access all this with a few clicks.
Building Identification Numbers in the context of digitization of the building permit procedure, by Karel Janečka
In connection with the digitization of the building permit procedure, an amendment to the Building Act 47/2020 has introduced an information system for building identification numbers. As a unique identifier, these numbers will make it possible to identify unequivocally a building or facility within the information systems of public administration and associate other information with it. The Building Information Number will identify the building universally and throughout its life cycle. This article presents a few basic concepts of possible categorization of buildings and facilities in terms of data intended for evidence within the information system of building identification numbers.
How can a mobile operator’s data on present population be used for urban planning, by Martin Dvořák and Jan Zvara
How many people are there in the city of Brno? This seemingly simple question can be answered correctly in various ways. The Czech Statistical Office says it is 382,000, the Ministry of the Interior, 374,000 (Czech citizenship holders only), and the Register of Inhabitants, 411,000 (permanent residents including those registered at administrative addresses). Data from a mobile operator indicate that 491,000 people are present in the rush hour. However, it is important to know how these numbers are generated and how to work with them. This can be highly disparate and affect various domains, such as planning of transportation to new neighbourhoods and capacities of education institutions.
The portal of spatial planning of municipalities in the Region of Vysočina, by Petr Jirásek, Martin Tejkal and Lubomír Jůzl
In spring this year, the Region of Vysočina opened its own Portal of Spatial Planning of Municipalities. It is an information portal through which documents of spatial planning of every municipality and the principles of spatial planning of the Region are made promptly and comprehensively accessible. The portal is meant for professionals in spatial planning and related disciplines, public administrators and the public.
The new Building Act in a nutshell, Part II: starting points for recodification, arrangement of public administration and planning contracts, by Jan Brož
This article deals with the highly topical subject of the new Building Act 283/2021 and, partly, Act 284/2021, which modifies other acts in connection with the Building Act. The author describes and analyses new legislation in regard to implementation of quite revolutionary changes in several aspects of public building law. Part II is focused on substantive building law, i.e. requirements for construction, documentation and several duties of persons involved. Under current legislation, the substantive building law is de facto left up to the implementing regulations. The author also comments on important procedural change as one of the fundamental pillars of the new legislation.
Documents and processes within the Swedish planning system, Part II, by Irena Klingorová
This article follows on from the article on spatial planning in Sweden published in the 5/21 issue of this journal, which contained basic information on Swedish spatial planning, and an article on related documents and processes published in issue 1/22. The processes used for specific spatial planning documents are described in detail. While Part I dealt with local and municipal planning, this article is about detailed planning at regional level. Its aim is to describe the documents, outline the responsibilities and involvement of actors in particular processes and present the legislative requirements and documents for planning at each level. Also, it describes the cycle of their origin, approval, practical application and possibilities of cancellation or change.